“Algorithms have long adjudicated over vital processes that help to ensure our well-being and survival, from pacemakers that maintain the natural rhythms of the heart, and genetic algorithms that optimise emergency response times by cross-referencing ambulance locations with demographic data, to early warning systems that track approaching storms, detect seismic activity, and even seek to prevent genocide by monitoring ethnic conflict with orbiting satellites. However, algorithms are also increasingly being tasked with instructions to kill: executing coding sequences that quite literally execute.”

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  • Susan Schuppli, “Deadly Algorithms: Can Legal Codes Hold Software Accountable for Code That Kills?”. Radical Philosophy 187 (2014): 2-8.